Why God Sent Jesus

A Brief Summary

Creation

Creation

First God created an ideal world. He created Adam and Eve who were the innocent members of God’s paradise. However, they sinned and as a result were driven out of the Garden of Eden. As their offspring multiplied, sin also multiplied, and humanity became so sinful that God destroyed the earth with a universal flood. He preserved Noah and his immediate family to repopulate the earth because they were the only people on earth willing to trust and obey God. Sin kept its hold over humanity, however, and again and again, as the population increased, people continued to disobey God.

Patriarchs

Patriarchs

Years later, God revealed Himself to Abraham and promised him a nation, many descendants, and a blessing that would extend to everyone on earth. Abraham became the father of a great people, the Hebrews, who were later known is the Jews. God’s promises to Abraham were passed down through his son Isaac, and his grandson Jacob; Jacob had 12 sons, who became the patriarchs of the 12 tribes of Israel.

Exodus

Exodus

Because of famine his land of Canaan (the approximate location of modern Israel), where the Hebrews were living, they moved to Egypt to get food and the Egyptians enslaved the Hebrew people for nearly four hundred years. In time Hebrews became a threat to the Egyptians because they multiplied so rapidly, In response to their cries for deliverance from the Egyptians, God raised up Moses to lead them out of Egypt and back to The Promised Land (Israel).

Kingdom

Kingdom

Forty years later, through miracles, mishaps and misunderstandings, the Hebrews finally reached that land. However, it was already occupied by other people. Even today, there are conflicts about land ownership in that area of the world. Under the leadership of Joshua, the Israelites lived in the Promised Land in a loose governmental system for the next four hundred years. Then a monarchy was established and the Hebrews were ruled by kings for the next four hundred years. During the first 120 years of the monarchy, three famous kings reigned: Saul, David and Solomon. Then, as a result of a civil conflict over taxation, the northern part of the nation seceded from the monarchy and established its own independent kingdom called Israel. The southern kingdom adopted the name of Judah, after the largest tribe in the southern kingdom.

Exile

Exile

Shortly thereafter, Assyria, a nation to the northeast, came and conquered the northern kingdom of Israel and scattered many of the Israelites to the far corners of that part of the world. About 100 years later, Babylonians invaded and conquered Judah, destroyed Jerusalem, and led thousands of people into captivity in Babylonia.

Return

Return

About 70 years later, Persia defeated Babylonia and began to rule from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean to India. The king of Persia allowed the Israelites living in captivity in Babylonia to return to Jerusalem to rebuild it. Fifty thousand people returned under the leadership of three men: Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah. They rebuilt the city, rebuilt the temple, and restored public worship of God. They lived that way for the next 400 years. During that time, Persia fell to Greece, and later Greece fell to Rome. Rome was ruling that part of the world when Jesus was born.

God Provided a Temporary Solution for Sin: Sacrifice

God Provided a Temporary Solution for Sin:

Sacrifice

The only thing that separates us from God and eternal life is sin. Separation from God because of sin is called death (Romans 6:23). In the Old Testament, the Israelites killed animals so that God would forgive sins. However, the death of the animal did not atone for (make up for) the sin. Rather, God required repentance in order to forgive the sin, but the sacrifice of an animal was the sign God required to demonstrate one’s repentance. It was possible, however, for someone to sacrifice the animal without having repented in his heart. That’s called “hypocrisy.” People kept up the show on the outside, even though things were not right on the inside.

The prophet Samuel said, “To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed than the fat of rams” (1 Samuel 15:22). David said, You do not desire sacrifice, or else I would give it; You do not delight in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart—these, O God, You will not despise (Psalm 51:16-17). But, if one was repentant, then God prescribed the sacrifices that were to be offered. Always costly, these sacrifices usually included the death of an animal, which was to reflect the spiritual death that sin caused.

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